India is an amazing land of great variety. It is the second-most populous country in the world (after China), with hundreds of languages spoken. Many of the languages descend from the ancient Indian language called Sanskrit, which plays a role similar to Latin in Europe. Most Indians are Hindu; there are also a large number of Muslims, Christians, and smaller numbers of followers of other religions. India is a land of great wealth and poverty; it is armed with nuclear weapons and has a space program, but also many areas of slums where people live in desperate poverty.