The Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire expanded very rapidly between 1206 and 1294. Look at the map below. You can see the outlines of modern countries, with the area of the Empire shown in color at different points in time. Then scroll down and click each picture to read more about where the Mongol Empire expanded.

Click on an image below for more information.

In 1206 Genghis Khan was named Emperor over the Mongol tribes he had helped to unify. In the picture you can see him ascending the throne. At this point his rule extended over the area around modern Mongolia.

The Mongol Empire has expanded a bit farther into parts of Siberia and China. In the picture you can see a portrait of Genghis Khan.

By this time the Mongol Empire was expanding into Central Asia.

The Empire expanded further west into more of Central Asia, and further east to the Pacific.

The Empire expanded a bit further into Russia and China. In the picture you can see Ogedei Khan being crowned in 1229. He came after Genghis Khan.

After the death of Mongke Khan (who came after Ogedei Khan) in 1259, the Empire stretched from Eastern Europe, through Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Central Asia, Russia, China, northern India, and Korea. In the picture you can see the Mongols conquering Baghdad in 1258. They killed very many people there.

After Kublai Khan died, the Empire was divided into four parts ruled by four different rulers called khans. The picture is a European view of the four khans.

Picture credits: Expanding empire map: By User:Astrokey44, modified by Sting - Image:Mongol_Empire_map.gif (alternative colours)Based on the freely licenced Image:Genghis khan empire at his death.png using information from maps of the Mongol Empire in atlases and on the web such as [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. Made in Photoshop and Painter., CC BY-SA 2.5,