Today Turkey is a country located partly in Asia and partly in Europe, and is considered to be where Eastern and Western cultures meet. Even its largest city, Istanbul, is half in Europe and half in Asia. Formerly, though, Turkey was the center of one of the most powerful empires in the world, called the Ottoman Empire. At its height, it stretched up into Europe as far as Hungary, and covered the Middle East and North Africa. It was founded at the end of the 13th century and collapsed after World War 1, lasting over 500 years. It was a Muslim empire with its capital at Constantinople (now known as Istanbul).
Picture credits: Topkapi: Carlos Delgado [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]; mosque: Dennis Jarvis from Halifax, Canada [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)]